Collagen is the most abundant protein in the body, present in all connective tissues. Together with glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and elastin, it forms the extracellular matrix (ECM), which provides structural and mechanical support in connective tissue, such as bones, skin, joints, cartilage, tendons, ligaments and blood vessels.
Reduction in the amount of collagen in the skin of about 1% per year after 20 years of age.
Changes occurring after menopause are more striking, with a loss of about 30% of skin collagen in the first 5 years.
Eggshell membrane (ESM), a natural ingredient obtained from the inner membrane that covers the shell of an egg, is a rich source of amino acids and substrates required for joint and connective tissue health.
Analysis of eggshell membrane has identified a high content of fibrous proteins such as collagen (type I, V and X), which form the mesh-like structure of the bi-layered material.
It also contains other bioactive components, including glycosaminoglycans (dermatan sulphate, chondroitin sulphate hyaluronic acid), glucosamine, lysozyme and proteins such as elastin.
Eggshell membrane is also rich in sulphur amino acids (SAA), which play an important role in maintaining the cartilage matrix.
Several human clinical trials have demonstrated beneficial effects from eggshell membrane supplementation for improving the health and appearance of skin by improving firmness and elasticity and skin barrier function.
Eggshell membrane supplementation was also found to have a significant impact on hair quality, including improvement in hair thickness and growth, and reduction in hair breakage.
Beauty starts from within ~